Teaching students is a job with lots of responsibility which some teachers are familiar with and they do not shy away from it. Finding the best approach for your classrooms is a great way of preparing for the classes and having backup plans in case things go wrong.
But, not every classroom will react the same to the same teaching method. Some people like a teacher with lots of authority who can restrain them while others enjoy a teacher that can help them ask more questions and thus think critically. Here are some of the best teaching methods that you can apply to your classes.
Teaching Through Inquiry
Anything inquiry-based is a student-centric way of teaching and learning, which encourages students to ask questions and ponder about a subject, while also having dialogues and debates. This way of teaching is great when students can perform experiments, make projects, investigations and anything that requires research. The teacher serves as a guide or as a shove in the right direction should they get stuck anywhere. Not all students can take action into their own hands, however, and they require a firmer guide.
When faced with students who do not want to take action, it is often because they fear failure and they do not want to feel the shame of failing. This is where the teacher can step in and become an instruction, imparting their knowledge on the students. Students would then have knowledge with which they could work and make further progress. Authoritative approaches do not need to be rigid nor strict, as one would have expected to see in the 19th century, but rather flexible, firm and emphatic.
This way of learning is through experience. It is considered that people learn best through actions, or rather, while doing active learning. This is where constructivism can shine.
This is a broad theory that has spawned many specific ways of student-centred learning. This means that you as a teacher should entice your students to learn while also doing projects and tasks which can make them use the knowledge in real life, thus making it simpler to understand. Whenever you can apply something practically, things become much easier to understand and memorize.
This is something that every teacher should apply to almost every class. Every student is an individual and they are about as different as they can be. With that, not every student should perform tasks in the same way, nor could they. Some excel at very active tasks while others are better when they have a smaller role and responsibility. Some do better work when researching while others are great when put in a leadership position.
Assign different tasks to different students and you will likely get a much better result than if everybody was to do the same task.
Teaching methods vary and none of them are the best for every single situation. Depending on the class, the mood of the students, as well as the teacher, the best teaching method will frequently change. These teaching methods should work for most classes.